Bukhara the Holy City. The “Noble Bukhara” and called Muslims in the East, is one of the few cities that has not stopped developing in the same territory since the fifth century BC. The architecture that remains today is a mix of monuments from different periods, representing 25 centuries of history of the city. The Old Town and its ancient madrasahs cover most of the center. Bukhara has 140 ancient monuments, unique in their kind, having withstood the vicissitudes of time. In 1993 the historic area of Bukhara was ranked in the list of UNESCO World Heritage. In 1997 the world celebrated the 2500 anniversary of the city under the auspices of UNESCO.
The Kalyan minaret is the tallest building in the city, with its 48-meter soar skyward and whose foundations deep into the soft earth. The masonry is made of baked bricks. People call the place at the foot of the minaret “Poi Kalon”, which means “at the foot of Greatness.” Even the name of the mosque Kalyan Masdjidi reflects the idea of magnitude. From the twelfth century, it was the main mosque in Bukhara, one of the largest buildings that could hold up to 10,000 people. Unfortunately its wall is destroyed.
Samanids mausoleum of exceptional beauty, dated IX-X centuries. The building was erected by Ismail, a powerful representative of the Samanid dynasty. His remains and those of his father and his little son rest in the mausoleum. During the construction of the tomb is used for the first time fired bricks. During construction used in baked bricks that made the mausoleum so fine and delicate as his carving resembles refined lace. A Bukhara is the tomb of Al-Bakhauddin Mukhammad Nakshbandi Boukhariy, founder and imam of the movement Nakchbandiy Sheikh, including apprenticeship gives people the light in the knowledge of Allah.