DAILY NEWS HERALD
The government delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan headed by the Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance Jamshid Kuchkarov was on a working visit to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on January 20.
The Uzbek delegation held talks with the President of the IRA Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of the Executive Council of the Government Abdullah Abdullah, Finance Minister Ekil Hakimi and other officials and members of the Afghan government, as well as representatives of the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
The parties discussed practical aspects of the implementation of the agreements reached during the Uzbek-Afghan dialogue at the highest level in Tashkent in December 2017.
Foreign Minister Abdulaziz Kamilov received the newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Slovak Republic Jan Bori on January 24.
The Ambassador handed the copy of his credentials.
The sides discussed topical issues of the Uzbek-Slovak relations in political, trade-economic, investment, cultural-humanitarian and other spheres.
Solemn opening ceremony of the Educational Center on training Afghan citizens at the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan, organized at the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan, was held in Termez district.
This modern educational institution, established according to the idea of the Head of our state, will be engaged in training qualified specialists with higher and secondary special education for socio-economic and other spheres of Afghanistan.
In the new training center, based on the needs of the Afghan side, curriculum modules have been developed on 17 areas of higher and 16 areas of secondary special, professional education. The most qualified professors and teachers of national universities are involved in the training process of the center. In addition, opportunity has been created for access to the “Electronic Education System” through a corporate network, so that leading scientists and specialists of any higher education institution of our country would be able to conduct distance classes through videoconferencing.
The first students of the educational center were accepted in the direction of Uzbek language and literature. They will study a two-year course.
The complex includes a multi-storey educational building, a dormitory for 110 people, an information and resource center, a sports hall and sports grounds, a dining room. There are also linguaphone rooms, chemical and physical laboratories, as well as a laboratory for studying subjects related to rail transport. There are also centers of rendering household, trade and other services. The information and resource center is equipped with all necessary textbooks and teaching aids, art and socio-political literature, more than 50 feature films and documentaries shot in Uzbekistan, and audio collections. There are more than 700 e-books in Latin in the electronic library.
In the future, it is planned to expand the center, build a summer canteen, a bakery, a laundry, an additional dormitory for 300 people. The training and production workshop will be reconstructed. In short, additional conditions will be created so that Afghan students could study and acquire professions at the level of modern requirements.
In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed January 11 as the World Day of Reserves and National Parks.
The organization of the first reserves in the early twentieth century laid down the principles that until now are the basis of this concept. They were created as standards of nature, they were given the status of protected natural areas, and their main principle was the non-interference of people in nature.
Uzbekistan has been implementing a national policy since the first days of independence, based on preserving the country’s environmental potential and ensuring its sustainable development. Particular importance is attached to protected natural areas. The National Strategy and Action Plan of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the conservation of biological diversity for 2011-2020 provides for an increase in their area to 17%. Priority of this direction is due to the fact that protected areas play an important role in ensuring the natural balance and are the main criterion for the ecological stability of ecosystems on which the maintenance of necessary conditions for human existence depends. In addition, they constitute a single ecological system designed to ensure biological, landscape diversity and maintain ecological balance. Depending on their purpose, they are divided into state reserves, complex (landscape) sanctuaries, nature parks, state nature monuments, territories for conservation, reproduction and restoration of individual natural objects and complexes, a biosphere reserve, protected landscapes, and territories for the management of individual natural resources.
In particular, the Chatkal Biosphere Reserve, which is now more than 70 years old, was joined to the Ugam-Chatkal State National Park formed in 1990 and became its ‘core’.
In 1993, UNESCO introduced the Ugam-Chatkal National Nature Park into the International List of National Parks. The area of the Ugam-Chatkal National Natural Park is more than 574 thousand hectares, and on its territory there are such significant natural areas as the Beldersai and Chimgan tract, the perimeter of the Charvak reservoir and others. Now it lives and grows
14 species of fauna and flora listed in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan, and 10 – in the International Red Data Book (IUCN). On the part of the territory of Bostanlyk, Ahangaran and Parkent districts that are part of this natural park, a reserve was established, which was transferred to the jurisdiction of JSC Uzbekiston Temir Yollari.
To date, Uzbekistan has established an extensive network of protected natural areas. Of these, eight reserves, two national parks, one biosphere reserve (created on the basis of the Badai-Tugai Reserve), 12 reserves, six natural monuments, and one nursery. Here work is carried out on the reproduction of rare animals – gazelles (steppe antelope), Severtsev sheep, horny goats (marchurs), Przewalski horses, kulans, beauty bustards.
The key place in this network is occupied by state nature reserves. One of their main tasks is to preserve the natural landscapes, rare and valuable species of animals and plants in a natural setting for the subsequent enrichment of other territories. A significant contribution to the conservation of biodiversity of the country along with national nature parks is also made by biosphere reserves. At the same time they serve as a reserve and a zakaznik and allow the population living in these areas or near them to develop in balance with the natural environment.
To preserve biodiversity and develop a system of protected natural areas, a number of international projects have been implemented and implemented in Uzbekistan. Among them are “Strengthening the sustainability of the national system of protected natural areas by focusing on reserves”, “Integrating principles of biodiversity conservation in the oil and gas sector of Uzbekistan”, “National biodiversity planning to support the implementation of the Strategic Plan of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Uzbekistan for 2011-2020”.
The forward-looking environmental policy of our state is aimed at providing favorable conditions for the existence of future generations. New protected natural areas are being created, where scientific research and organizational and technical measures are taken to take into account the current state of biological diversity, to conserve, grow and grow rare and endangered wild species of flora and fauna. The legislation is being improved in the field of protection, use and reproduction of flora and fauna, conservation of the gene pool of biodiversity.
The adoption in 2004 of the new Law on Protected Natural Territories contributed to the creation and development of a unified ecological system of protected natural areas of various regimes, combining environmental and economic interests designed to ensure conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of nature and socio-economic development, values. Currently, the Eco-movement’s deputy group in the lower house of parliament is working on draft laws aimed at further improving the environmental protection system, introducing economic mechanisms into nature management, and rational use of natural resources, including biological diversity. So, the implementation of the laws adopted in December 2016 on the protection and use of the flora and on the protection and use of wildlife in a new version is aimed at ensuring the conservation of biodiversity.
The consistent implementation of measures in our country to conserve biodiversity and ecosystems with the wide involvement of civil society in this process is aimed at affirming the right of every citizen to a favorable environment and reasonable use of natural resources without prejudice to future generations.
In our opinion, only the gradual formation of a new system of relations with the environment and a way of life that guarantees on a qualitatively new basis a relationship with nature can serve as a guarantor of an environmentally sustainable state of the environment. At the same time, it should be noted that Uzbekistan has formed the necessary base for sustainable development, progress and conservation of biological diversity.
At the same time, in order to realize the tasks set by the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev in this direction, priority actions are needed, including increasing the educational potential of decision-makers, developing programs to raise public awareness about the protection and rational use of flora and fauna, further improving the system continuous environmental education, development of mechanisms for public participation in issues related to protected natural territories.
Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
In 2017, a government program was approved for 2017-2020 designed to streamline organizational measures to implement the Safe Tourism Concept in the cities of Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva and Shahrisabz. What has been done to implement it?
In order to implement the resolution, the activities of the internal affairs bodies to ensure the safety of tourism have been improved. From now on, situation rooms will function in the Internal Affairs Directorate of Bukhara, Samarkand, Khorezm and Kashkadarya regions. They will monitor the state of tourism security, inform tourists about potential threats in real time, promote the protection of their rights and legitimate interests.
At these directorates, divisions have been set up for ensuring safe tourism, and their managers have been appointed. They, in turn, are deputy chiefs of internal affairs directorates of the regions. Employees who speak foreign languages are recruited to new offices.
It should be noted that in order to ensure the safety of tourists, security of transport and the movement of guests during their stay in our country, it is planned to create an integrated information database of governmental and non-governmental organizations that provide services in the field of tourism and keeps record of arriving people.
The facilities of transport infrastructure and services of Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva and Shakhrisabz are equipped with posters, signs and signposts.
The mobile application are to inform tourists about the rules of stay, visa and registration procedures, sights and routes, as well as the nearest stations of law enforcement bodies and medical institutions. In the same annex will be the opportunity to send a distress signal to law enforcement agencies or write an appeal to the consulate of their country.
To ensure the security of the accommodation, hotel lodging and service of tourists, an electronic information system E-Mehmon (E-Guest) will be introduced in each hotel, allowing for the creation of a database of arrivals. The entrances of the hotels will be monitored 24 hours a day.
In addition, a single hardware and software complex Safe Tourism will be introduced. It is a system of video surveillance, analysis and automated processing of information, the reception and registration of reports of offenses and incidents.
In order to ensure the safety of tourists and official foreign delegations, when visiting attractions and organizing evening leisure, the development of requirements and the installation of special technical means for individual protection of tourists are planned.
(Source: «Uzbekistan airways» magazine)
Two athletes will defend the honor of Uzbekistan at the 2018 Winter Olympics. They are: member of Uzbekistan national team on figure skating Misha Ge and the leader of the national team of Uzbekistan in alpine skiing Komiljon Tukhtaev.