The judiciary
General information:

The Judiciary of the Republic of Uzbekistan operates independently of the legislative and executive branches, political parties and other social associations. In Uzbekistan, the operation of the courts is defined by the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On the courts” (the new version dated 14.12.2000).

In Uzbekistan, the judicial power is exercised by:

  • the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
  • the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
  • the Supreme Economic Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan
  • the supreme courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan in civil and criminal matters,
  • regional courts and municipal courts in Tashkent in civil and criminal matters,
  • the inter-district, district (city) courts in civil matters,
  • district (city) courts in criminal matters,
  • the Commercial Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan,
  • regional trade court and the city of Tashkent,
  • military courts.

In Uzbekistan, the courts are specialized according to the terms of business. The creation of special courts is prohibited.
In Uzbekistan, the legal process is performed in Uzbek and Karakalpak languages or language of the majority of the locality. The people involved in the trial who do not speak the language in which it is conducted have the right to see all the information of the case, to participate in the trial through an interpreter and intervene in the mother tongue at the hearings.
The courts of general jurisdiction are:

  • the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
  • the Supreme Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the Regional Court, the Tashkent City Court,
  • the interdistrict court district (city) courts in civil matters. The district (city) court in criminal matters,
  • military courts.

In terms of economic jurisdiction, the supreme judicial body is the Supreme Economic Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan.