Samarkand is the pearl of Uzbekistan. This is one of the oldest cities in the world with 2750 years of history, as old as Rome, Athens or Babylon. In the East, since time immemorial it is called the “Star of the Earth,” the “Pearl” or “Face the world.”
Throughout its centuries-old history, the city has seen the rise and fall. Despite the devastating invasions, the city has always raised to be reborn more beautiful. Under the reign of Amir Timur (Tamerlane), Samarkand experiencing a period of prosperity and greatness. Native Shakhrisabz, Amir Timur made Samarkand the capital of his vast empire. Important crossroads on the Silk Road, the city had a very advantageous geographic location. The city of Samarkand keeps shining examples of the architecture of the Middle Ages, hitting their perfect forms and rich colors.
Registan Square is the most visited place in Samarkand, is impressive for its monumental perfection, her wedding beautiful majolica and mosaic azure. The Registan square is one of the most beautiful places in the world. It houses three medieval universities (madrasas) Madrasah Ulugh Bek, the Tilla-Karri madrasas and Cher-Dor Madrasah. Located on the hill of Afrosiab, the Shah-i-Zinda necropolis is, with all Bibi-Khanum, the Gur-Emir mausoleum and other chief architectural works one of the architectural wonders of the Central Asia.
People from around the world arrive today to Samarkand to see the relics of the Islamic world, such as the tomb of the saint-Hussain ibn-Abbas, who in the Middle Ages was also observed that pilgrims to Mecca. In 1997, on the initiative of UNESCO was widely celebrated the 1225 th anniversary of Imam al-Bukhari, a great scholar and theologian East. In the village of Khortang, near Samarkand, where lies the great scholar, an architectural ensemble was restored for the occasion.