On the eve of the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, celebrated on June 26, according to the request of the government of Uzbekistan, Tashkent in one of the plants the National Security Service in conjunction with other law enforcement agencies destroyed lot of drugs seized in the context of the fight against drug trafficking.

This event brought together representatives of the Regional Office of the United Nations Office against Drugs and Crime in Central Asia, the Government and public bodies as well as the diplomatic corps accredited in the country and the media.

In the presence of members of the Interdepartmental Commission, in blast furnaces were burned 1731 kg of drugs, including 749 kg of heroin, 604 kg of opium, 329 kg of marijuana, 42.3 kg of hashish, and that a large quantity of poppy straw, hemp and psychotropic drugs in tablets and solutions.

Uzbekistan attaches great importance to fulfilling its obligations to the international community in fighting against drug trafficking. In February 1995 Uzbekistan joined the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. In 2000 the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances” was adopted.

According to the United Nations Office against Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in 2009 the area of ​​opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan fell from 193,000 to 123,000 hectares. However, the yield of opium poppy was 56 kg of opium per hectare. This is 15% more than in 2008. According to experts, in 2009 Afghanistan produced 6,900 tons of opium. And previously produced opium stocks are estimated at 10,000 tons.

Uzbek experts provided clarification on the drug situation in the previous year. The information analysis of law enforcement agencies and drug control regional commissions indicates that the flow of Afghan heroin and opium on the “northern route” is the main factor that impacts negative on the evolution of the drug situation in the country.

Uzbek agencies of law enforcement conducted complex special operations to detect and stop illegal activities of transnational groups of drug trafficking, cut smuggling routes and prevent the spread of drug addiction.

According to the data of the National Centre for Analysis and Information on Drug Control under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in 2009 the number of crimes related to illegal drugs, compared to the year 2008, decreased by 12.7%. In 2009 the territory of the country was seized 3488 kg (3550 kg in 2008) of drugs: 755 kg of heroin (1472 kg in 2008), 626 kg of opium (1062 kg), 1373 kg of marijuana (810 kg) , 48 kg of hashish (68 kg) and 687 kg of kuknar (138 kg).

Opium and heroin of Afghan origin penetrate Uzbekistan, mainly through Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and directly from Afghanistan across the Amu Darya River to the south (in the Surkhandarya region), south-east via Samarkand and Syrdarya regions and the North East – regions of the Ferghana Valley and Tashkent.

At the event were shown images filmed in which were recorded detention time drug dealers. For all 2009 drug crimes were detained 127 foreign nationals. Carriers hide drugs in vegetables, fruits, boxes of vehicles, luggage, everyday objects, clothing, in the human body, transportation intracavitary so.
The operation called “Black Poppy – 2009” revealed 1320 (1298 – 2008) evidence of the cultivation of narcotic plants of the total area of 3.7 hectares (2.4 – in 2008).

The Ministry of the Interior, the National Security Service, the Committee for Border Protection, the Uzbek State Customs Committee have identified dozens of fraud linked to drugs and the smuggling of narcotics, psychotropic substances and precursors.

The judicial authorities of the countries reviewed 4880 (4554 – 2008) criminal cases. Sanctions were appropriate against 6240 (5809 – 2008) people. Of these, 3739 are deprived of liberty, 337 – arrested, forced to put 870 and 514 works – a fine.

The National Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Drug Control, other ministries and relevant agencies have focused their efforts on targeted and integrated activities in the field of the fight against drug trafficking, the prevention of addiction, development of inter-institutional and international cooperation. A comprehensive prevention work within the framework of comprehensive measures in the fight against drugs and smuggling takes place 2007-2010.

The work of medical and social rehabilitation offices was organized. The assistance and advice by phone service operates continuously.

In 2009 the number of people registered on the list because of prevention and clinic for non-medical use of psychoactive agents, decreased markedly.

International cooperation has been intensified. The work on coordination, monitoring and assurance in international projects of the UN, the OSCE and the EU has been achieved. In particular, in the framework of the project “Control of precursors in Central Asia” from 28 September to 31 October 2009 to law enforcement agencies conducted the national segment of the international operation Tarset-II on monitoring and containment of smuggling precursors.

As part of CADAP-4 Program projects were carried out work on the creation of special units, equipment with special materials checkpoints and by modern diagnostic instrument precision of the General Bureau of Medicine Legal Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan.

Accordance with existing agreements within the framework of signed treaties, the exchange of information materials on the drug situation is with the coordination structures in Central Asia, Russia, Pakistan, Italy, Turkey, Germany, France, Bulgaria, Iran and UNODC, OSCE, the Regional Centre for Information and Coordination for Central Asia (CARICC).